Master watchmaker Michel Parmigiani established an independent workshop in Fleurier in 1975, where he focused on the restoration of historical timepieces from renowned Swiss watch houses, and garnered a reputation for excellence and a penchant for perfection. In 1996, Parmigiani partnered with the Sandoz Family Foundation, affording the opportunity to transform his company into an authentic, independent watch brand, complete with an industrial facility where watches were to be crafted with a very high aesthetic and mechanical quality. Within a relatively few number of years, the Parmigiani Fleurier brand has acquired a credibility unique in the history of contemporary watchmaking. It is in part thanks to upholding its founding values, which are restoring horological objets d'art and mastery of mechanical grand complications, that it has retained an uncommon authenticity in the public's perception. That is why even today at Parmigiani Fleurier, a watchmaking restoration workshop is fully dedicated to restoring objets d'art from centuries gone by, and an Haute Horlogerie workshop houses highly qualified watchmakers assembling unique watchmaking complications from the Parmigiani collection, each piece requiring months of dedicated craftsmanship.